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李克强: “十四五”时期经济社会发展指导方针

出处: 人民日报    2020年11月18日

“十四五”时期经济社会发展指导方针
李克强

dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuzhidingguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisigewunianguihuaheerlingsanwunianyuanjingmubiaodejianyi》(yixiajiancheng《jianyi》),mingquetichule“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhidaofangzhen,zheiweizuohaoweilaiwunianjingjishehuifazhangongzuozhiminglefangxiang、tigonglezunxun。yaoshenkelinghui、quanmianguanche,zhidingheshishihao“shisiwu”guihua,tuidongjingjishehuichixujiankangfazhan。

一、“十四五”将开启全面ebet社会主义现代化国家新征程

ebetebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia,yizhishidangheguojiadefendoumubiao。2020nianshi“shisanwu”guihuashouguanzhinian,guihuaquedingdemubiaorenwujijiangwancheng,quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuishenglizaiwang。guoquwunian,mianduicuozongfuzadeguojixingshi、jianjufanzhongdeguoneigaigefazhanwendingrenwutebieshixinguanfeiyanyiqingyanzhongchongji,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangtuanjiedailingquandangquanguogezurenmin,tongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibuju、xiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebuju,jiandingbuyiguanchexinfazhanlinian,tuidonggaozhiliangfazhan,chenzheyouliyingduigezhongfengxiantiaozhan,ebetguojingjishehuifazhanqudezhongdachengjiu。2016nianzhi2019nianebetguoguoneishengchanzongzhinianjunzengzhang6.7%,2019nianrenjunguoneishengchanzongzhichaoguo1wanmeiyuan,yuji2020nianebetguojingjinenggoushixianzhengzengzhang、zongliangtupo100wanyiyuan。jingjijiegouchixuyouhua、zhiliangxiaoyibuduantisheng,xiaofeichixufahuijingjizengzhangzhuladongzuoyong,liangshichanliangwendingzai1.3wanyijinyishang,xianjinzhizaoye、xiandaiebetyejiaokuaizengzhang,changzhurenkouchengzhenhualvchaoguo60%,quyuxiediaofazhanzhanlveshenrushishi。fazhanxindongnengchengzhangzhuangda,kejichuangxinqudeyipizhongdachengguo,xinxingchanyekuaisufazhan,chuantongchanyejiakuaishengji,dazhongchuangyewanzhongchuangxinpengbokaizhan,geleishichangzhutichaoguo1.3yihu,xindongnengzhengzaishenkegaibianzheshengchanshenghuofangshi、suzaozhongguofazhanxinyoushi。quanmianshenhuagaigequdezhongdatupo,gongjicejiegouxinggaigechixushenhua,jianzhengfangquan、fangguanjiehe、youhuaebetgaigezongshentuijin,daguimojianshuijiangfeizhengceyouxiaoshishi。duiwaikaifangchixukuoda,gongjian“yidaiyilu”chengguofengshuo,waishangtouzizhunrufumianqingdanguanlizhiduquanmianshixing,ziyoumaoyishiyanquzaigengdafanweituozhan,duiwaimaoyiheliyongwaizizongtibaochiwending。tuopingongjianchengguojushizhumu,xianxingbiaozhunxianongcunpinkunrenkoujijiangquanbutuopin。wuranfangzhilidubuduanjiada,shengtaihuanjingmingxiangaishan。fangfanhuajiezhongdafengxianqudejijichengxiao,jinrongyunxingzongtipingwen、diyufengxiannenglijinyibuzengqiang。renminshenghuoshuipingxianzhutigao,chengzhenxinzengjiuyechaoguo6000wanren,jiaoyushiyequanmianfazhan,jibenyanglao、jibenyiliao、chengxiangdibaodengshehuibaozhangshuipingmingxiantigao。quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、shixiandiyigebainianfendoumubiao,zaiebetguoshehuizhuyixiandaihuaebetjinchengzhongjuyoulichengbeiyiyi,biaozhizheebetzhandaolexindelishijiaohuidian,jijiangkaiqiquanmianebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengcheng、xiangdiergebainianfendoumubiaojinjun。

ebetdangdeshijiudazonghefenxiguojiguoneixingshiheebetguofazhantiaojian,jiangshixiandiergebainianfendoumubiaofenweilianggejieduananpai。diyigejieduan,cong2020niandao2035nian,jibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihua;diergejieduan,cong2035niandaobenshijizhongye,baebetguojianchengfuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo。“shisiwu”shiqishiebetguokaiqiquanmianebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengdediyigewunian,baochijingjishehuichixujiankangfazhanzhiguanzhongyao。congwaibuhuanjingkan,hepingyufazhanrengshishidaizhuti,danshijiejingjigejuzhengzaishenkediaozheng,jingjiquanqiuhuazaoyuniliu,quanqiuchanyeliangongyinglianmianlinchongji,buwendingxingbuquedingxingmingxianzengjia。shouxinguanfeiyanyiqingdengduozhongyinsuyingxiang,2020nianshijiejingjixianrushendushuaitui,huifuzhengchangzengzhangshuipingxuyaoshijian。congguoneifazhankan,ebetguojingjiyiyougaosuzengzhangjieduanzhuanxianggaozhiliangfazhanjieduan,zhengchuzaizhuanbianfazhanfangshi、youhuajingjijiegou、zhuanhuanzengzhangdonglidegongguanqi。fazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwentirengrantuchu,jiegouxing、tizhixing、zhouqixingwentixianghujiaozhi,chuangxinnenglibushiyinggaozhiliangfazhanyaoqiu,shengtaihuanbaorenzhongdaoyuan,minshengbaozhang、shehuizhilidengfangmianhaiyoumingxianbuzu。shouduozhongyinsuyingxiang,dangqianbaochijingjipingwenyunxingnanduhenda,xuqiubuzuzhiyuejingjiwendinghuifu,qiyetebieshizhongxiaoweiqiye、getigongshanghushengchanjingyingkunnanjiaoduo,wenjiuyebaominshengmianlinhendayali。ebetguofazhanjuyouduofangmiandeyoushihetiaojian,youdutezhengzhihezhiduyoushi、xionghoujingjijichu、judashichangqianli,yiwanrenminqinlaozhihui、renlirencaiziyuanfengfu,fazhanjuyouqiangjingrenxing,jingjizhangqixianghaodejibenmianmeiyouyebuhuigaibian。zhiyaoebetjiandingfazhanxinxin,zhimiankunnantiaozhan,weihuheyonghaoebetguofazhanzhongyaozhanlvejiyuqi,jiuyidingnengbuduankaichuangquanmianebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiadexinjumian。

二、深刻领会“十四五”时期经济社会发展指导方针

《jianyi》mingquetichule“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhidaosixianghebixuzunxundeyuanze。qiangdiaoyaogaojuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidaqizhi,shenruguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuijingshen,jianchiyimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejibenlilun、jibenluxian、jibenfanglve,tongchoutuijinjingjiebet、zhengzhiebet、wenhuaebet、shehuiebet、shengtaiwenmingebetdezongtibuju,xiediaotuijinquanmianebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia、quanmianshenhuagaige、quanmianyifazhiguo、quanmiancongyanzhidangdezhanlvebuju,jiandingbuyiguanchechuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdexinfazhanlinian,jianchiwenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiao,yituidonggaozhiliangfazhanweizhuti,yishenhuagongjicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,yigaigechuangxinweigenbendongli,yimanzurenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaoweigenbenmude,tongchoufazhanheanquan,jiakuaiebetxiandaihuajingjitixi,jiakuaigoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju,tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,shixianjingjixingwenzhiyuan、shehuiandinghexie,weiquanmianebetshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiakaihaoju、qihaobu。jianchidangdequanmianlingdao,jianchihewanshandanglingdaojingjishehuifazhandetizhijizhi,jianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu,buduantigaoguanchexinfazhanlinian、goujianxinfazhangejunengliheshuiping,weishixiangaozhiliangfazhantigonggenbenbaozheng。jianchiyirenminweizhongxin,jianchixinfazhanlinian,jianchishenhuagaigekaifang,jianchixitongguannian。

ebetshangshuzhidaosixiangheyuanze,gongtonggouchengle“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhidaofangzhen。zheishidangzhongyangzaiquanmianzongjiezhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhanshijianjingyan、zhunquebawodangqianhejinhouyigeshiqiguoneiwaifazhandashi、shenrufenxiebetguofazhanhuanjingmianlindeshenkefuzabianhua、tongchoukaolv2035nianyuanjingmubiaoheweilaiwunianfazhanmubiaodejichushangtichulaide。zhidaofangzhenneihanfengfu、yiyizhongda,yaorenzhenxuexilinghui、quanmianguancheluoshi。yaobazhidaofangzhenzuoweiyigeyoujizhengti,shenkelijieqijingshenshizhi、hexinyaoyi、chuangxinguandian、shijianyaoqiu,zhangwoneizailuojihexianghuguanxi,genghaozhidaoshijigongzuo。yaojiehedangzhongyangtichudeyixiliezhanlvesixianghegongzuobushu,conggengkuanshiye、gengshencengcilijiebawozhidaofangzhen,shigexianggongzuoyoujixianjie、xietongtuijin。yaojiangzhidaofangzhenyu《jianyi》tichudefazhanmubiao、zhanlverenwu、zhongdajucuoronghuiguantong,zengqianglinghuiheguanche《jianyi》jingshendexitongxingzhengtixing。

三、全面贯彻“十四五”时期经济社会发展指导方针

zhidaofangzhenshizongtiyaoqiuhexingdongzhinan,bixuguanchedao“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhandefangfangmianmian。zaishijigongzuozhong,yaozhuyiqieshibazhidaofangzhenluodaoshichu,guanchehaoxinfazhanlinian。

ebetyaolizuguoqing、julifazhan,zhelibanhaozijideshi。dangdeshijiudamingquezhichu,ebetguorengchuyubingjiangzhangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduandejibenguoqingmeiyoubian,ebetguoshishijiezuidafazhanzhongguojiadeguojidiweimeiyoubian。ebetguosuiranshishijiedierdajingjiti,danrenjunshuipingbingbugao,nongyejichuhaibuwengu,zhizaoyeheebetyezhengzaixiangzhonggaoduanshuipingmaijin。ebetguoyaozaixiandaichanye、renminshenghuo、shengtaihuanjingdenglingyujiejinhuozhedadaofadaguojiashuiping,haixuyaofuchuzhangqijiankudenuli。fazhanshijiejueebetguoyiqiewentidejichuheguanjian,ebetbixulaolaobawojibenguoqing、lizuzuidashiji,jianchiyijingjiebetweizhongxin,jiandingbuyibafazhanzuoweidangzhizhengxingguodediyiyaowu。danfazhanbixushikexuefazhanhegaozhiliangfazhan,yaoguanchehaoxinfazhanlinian,qieshizhuanbianfazhanfangshi,tuidongzhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiange。tebieshiyaojianchichuangxinqudongfazhan,fazhanxiandaichanyetixi,goujianxinfazhangeju。zuoweiyou14yirenkoudefazhanzhongdaguo,zhongguobazijideshibanhao,jiushiduishijiedezuidagongxian,yehuijigeguodailaijiyu。

yaowenzhongqiujin、wuqiushixiao,xiediaotuijingefangmiangongzuo。wenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiaoshizhiguolizhengdezhongyaoyuanze。zaiguojijingjizhengzhigejufuzaduobiandeqingkuangxia,duiyuebetzheimedadejingjitiliangeryan,yidingyiyishangjiangwenjiushijin。yaozengqiangfengxianyishi、qianghuadixiansiwei,zhuzhongfangfanhuajiezhongdafengxiantiaozhan,laolaobawofazhanzhudongquan,yizishenfazhandewendingxingyingduiwaibuhuanjingdebuquedingxing。2020nianmianduixinguanfeiyanyiqingchongjiheshijiejingjishendushuaitui,ebetzai“liuwen”jichushangtichuyao“baojuminjiuye、baojibenminsheng、baoshichangzhuti、baoliangshinengyuananquan、baochanyeliangongyinglianwending、baojicengyunzhuan”。zuodao“liubao”tebieshi“qiansanbao”,jiunengwenzhujingjijibenpan、douzhuminshengdixian。baoliangshinengyuananquan、baochanyeliangongyinglianwending,shiguanjingjifazhan、shehuiwendingheguojiaanquan,baojicengyunzhuanshiguojiazhilitixiyouxiaoyunzhuandezhongyaobaozhang。“liubao”bujinshidangqiangongzuodezhelidian,yeshi“shisiwu”shiqiyaomianlinhejiejuedezhongdaketi。yibaocuwen、wenzhongqiujin,jiunengweishixiangenggaomubiaohangshijichu。jingjishehuishigedaxitong。yaozengqiangfazhandezhengtixingxietongxing,zheligugenji、yangyoushi、buduanban、qiangruoxiang,cujinchengxiangquyupinghengfazhan、chanyehelibujuhejiegouyouhua、jingjiheshehuixiediaofazhan、renyuziranhexiegongsheng。ebetguojingjiyijingshendurongrushijiejingji,yaotongchouguoneiguojilianggedaju,chongfenliyongguoneiguojilianggeshichangliangzhongziyuan。ebetqiangdiaogoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju,juebushiyaoguanqimenlaigaofengbiyunxing,ershijiyaojiandingshishikuodaneixuzhanlve,yeyaogengdalidukuodaduiwaikaifang,gouzhuguojihezuohejingzhengxinyoushi。

ebetyaojianxingzongzhi、shizhengweimin,zaifazhanzhonggenghaobaozhanghegaishanminsheng。quanxinquanyiweirenminebetshiebetdangdegenbenzongzhi,fazhandegenbenmudeyeshizengjinminshengfuzhi。dangqian,renminqunzhongzaijiaoyu、yiliao、yanglao、zhufang、shipinyaopinanquan、shourufenpeidengfangmian,haiyoubushaobumanyidedifang。suizhequanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,renminduimeihaoshenghuodexuyaojianggengjiaguangfanbingqieriyiduoyuanhua,duijingjishehuifazhangefangmiangongzuotichulexinyaoqiu。minzhisuowangjiushishizhengsuoxiang。yaobayirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiangluodaoshichu,jiejuehaorenminzuiguanxinzuizhijiezuixianshideliyiwenti,cujinshehuigongping,buduanzengqiangrenminqunzhonghuodegan、xingfugan、anquangan。yaoheliqufenjibengonggongebethefeijibengonggongebet,jinlierwei、lianglierxing,jianquanjibengonggongebettixi,chuangxingonggongebettigongfangshi,zhichishehuililiangzengjiafeijibengonggongebetgongji,manzuqunzhongduocengci、duoyanghuaxuqiu。baozhanghegaishanminshengyeyouliyukuodaneixu,yaotuchuminshengdaoxiang,qianghuajiuyeyouxianzhengce,tigaorenminshourushuiping,kuodajuminxiaofeiheyouxiaotouzi,tuozhanshichangkongjian、ladongjingjizengzhang,zouchuyitiaojingjiliangxingxunhuandexinluzi。

《jianyi》yijingquanhuishenyitongguo,guowuyuanjiangjucizhiding“shisiwu”guihuagangyao。yaobazhidaofangzhenzhenzhengtixiandao“shisiwu”guihuagangyaozhidingzhong,congzhuyaozhibiaoshezhidaozhongdianrenwumouhua,congzhongdagongchengquedingdaozhongdazhengcetichu,douyaoxianmingtixian《jianyi》tichudejingjishehuifazhanzhidaofangzhen,quanmianguanchexinfazhanlinian,jinkoutuidonggaozhiliangfazhan,zheligoujianxinfazhangeju,zhidingchuyigefuheebetguoshiji、shunyingrenminqipan、yinlingweilaifazhandehaogangyao。zaizhidingzhuanxiangguihua、quyuguihua、kongjianguihuayijidifangguihuashi,yaojianchiquanguoyipanqi,qieshizengqiangdajuyishihexitongguannian,zhaozhunqierudianhezhelidian,bazhidaofangzhendegexiangyaoqiuguanchedaoxiangguanguihuazhongqu,xingchengdingweizhunque、bianjieqingxi、gongnenghubu、tongyixianjiedeguojiaguihuatixi。yaojianquanzhengcexiediaohegongzuoxietongjizhi,wanshanguihuashishijiancepinggujizhi,quebaodangzhongyangguanyu“shisiwu”fazhandejuecebushuluodaoshichu。

ebetzhongguogaigefazhandejudachengjiu,shiguangdaganbuqunzhongbilulanlv、qianxinwankuganchulaide。baguihuabianchengxianshi,yaobazhidaofangzhenzhenzhengtixiandaoshijixingdongzhong,rengranyaokaokuganshigan。gediqu、gebumenyaoqianghuazerendandang,fayangshiganjingshen,lijiexingshizhuyi、guanliaozhuyi,zhashizuohaojingjishehuifazhangexianggongzuo。ebetguojiada,gediqingkuangqianchawanbie,yaojianchishishiqiushi,yiqiecongshijichufa,genghaofahuizhongyang、difanghegefangmianjijixing。yaobuduantigaozaifuzaxingshixiamoufazhan、zhualuoshidenengli,shanyuyonggaigechuangxinbanfapojienanti、huajiefengxian,chuangzaoxingdikaizhangongzuo。yaojianjuepochuzhiyuefazhandetizhijizhizhangai,chongfenfahuishichangzaiziyuanpeizhizhongdejuedingxingzuoyong,genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong,shenhua“fangguanfu”gaige,dazaoshichanghuafazhihuaguojihuayingshanghuanjing,weichuangyechuangxinsongbangjianfujiangmenjian,chongfenjifashangyishichangzhutihuolihequanshehuichuangzaoli,huijutuidongfazhandeqiangdadongneng。

lantuyijinghuijiu,shimingcuirenfenjin。ebetyaogengjiajinmidituanjiezaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangzhouwei,yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,zengqiang“sigeyishi”、jianding“sigezixin”、zuodao“lianggeweihu”,yingnanershang,kaituojinqu,chongfendiaodongyiqiejijiyinsu,weibaebetguoebetchengweifuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengzuochuxindegengdagongxian。


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